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Frank Robinson

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Full Name: Frank Robinson Primary Position: OF,RF,LF
Height/Weight: 6' 1"/183 First Game: April 17, 1956
Birthdate: August 31, 1935 Final Game: September 18, 1976
Birthplace: Beaumont, Texas MLB Experience: 21 years
Bat/Throw: Right/Right


Biography

Frank Robinson made his Major League debut with the Cincinnati Reds on April 17, 1956 against the St. Louis Cardinals at the age of 20. In his rookie season, he hit 38 homeruns which was an MLB rookie record at the time. He also scored 122 runs, drove in 83, and won the National League Rookie of the Year award.

His best year in Cincinnati (within the context of "team") was 1961. He hit .323, clubbed 37 home runs, scored 117, and drove in 124. The Reds advanced to the 1961 World Series, which they lost to the New York Yankees. After the season, Frank earned his first MVP Award.

His best year statistically in Cincinnati was 1962. That season, he hit .342 (2nd in the NL), belted 39 homers (3rd in the NL), and drove in 136 (also good for 3rd in the league). He led the league in six major offensive categories: runs (134), doubles (51), extra base hits (92), on-base pct (.421), slugging pct. (.624), and OPS (1.045). He finished 4th in MVP voting in 1962 - behind award winner Maury Wills, Willie Mays, and Tommy Davis.

After the 1965 season, Reds owner Bill DeWitt made the highly controversial decision to trade Frank to the Baltimore Orioles for Milt Pappas and others. see below for transaction details.

In 1966, as a Baltimore Oriole, Frank had an ultra-productive year. He hit .316 to lead the American League. He also led the AL in home runs (49) and RBI (122) on his way to earning the 1966 Triple Crown. In addition to the Triple Crown categories, Robinson also led the AL in on-base pct (.410), slugging pct. (.637), OPS (1.047), runs (122), total bases (367), extra base hits (85), and AB/HR (11.8). After the season, Frank became the first player to ever win the MVP award in both leagues. The dream season was capped by a World Series victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers. Frank was named World Series MVP.

Frank Robinson and the Baltimore Orioles won the World Series again in 1970.

Managerial career

Frank Robinson became the first African-American manager in Major League Baseball when he served as player/manager for the Cleveland Indians in 1975. He served as the Indians' manager until 1977.

In 1981, Robinson was hired by the San Francisco Giants and managed the team until 1984.

From 1988 to 1991, he served as the manager of the Baltimore Orioles.

In 2002, Frank was hired by Major League Baseball to manage the Montreal Expos. When the team moved to the nation's capital and became the Washington Nationals, Frank went along as the manager.

In 1989, Robinson won the Manager of the Year Award while with the Baltimore Orioles after leading the team to a 87-75 record, a 33 game improvement over the previous season.

On April 20, 2006, Robinson won his 1,000th game as a manager, becoming the 53rd manager to reach that milestone.

After the end of the 2006 MLB regular season, Frank was let go as manager for the Washington Nationals. He is currently out of baseball.

Frank Robinson's Managerial Record

Team Years Wins Losses Pct.
Cleveland 1975-1977 186 189 .496
San Francisco 1981-1984 264 277 .488
Baltimore 1988-1991 230 285 .447
Montreal 2002-2004 233 253 .479
Washington 2005-2006 152 172 .469
CAREER RECORD 1,065 1,176 .475

Career Highlights

All-Time MLB Ranks

  • Home Runs - 7th (586)
  • Total Bases - 11th (5373)
  • Intentional Walks - 9th (218)
  • Hit By Pitch - 7th (198)
  • Extra Base Hits - 8th (1186)
  • RBIs - 17th (1812)
  • Runs Scored - 14th (1829)
  • Games Played - 19th (2808)

Statistics

Batting Stats

Year Team G AB R H HR RBI AVG OBP SLG 2B 3B BB SO HBP SH SB IBB GDP
1956 CIN N 152 572 122 166 38 83 .290 .379 .558 27 6 64 95 20 8 8 7 14
1957 CIN N 150 611 97 197 29 75 .322 .376 .529 29 5 44 92 12 5 10 5 13
1958 CIN N 148 554 90 149 31 83 .269 .350 .504 25 6 62 80 7 0 10 5 13
1959 CIN N 146 540 106 168 36 125 .311 .391 .583 31 4 69 93 8 0 18 9 16
1960 CIN N 139 464 86 138 31 83 .297 .407 .595 33 6 82 67 9 0 13 6 18
1961 CIN N 153 545 117 176 37 124 .323 .404 .611 32 7 71 64 10 0 22 23 15
1962 CIN N 162 609 134 208 39 136 .342 .421 .624 51 2 76 62 11 0 18 16 13
1963 CIN N 140 482 79 125 21 91 .259 .379 .442 19 3 81 69 14 0 26 20 7
1964 CIN N 156 568 103 174 29 96 .306 .396 .548 38 6 79 67 9 0 23 20 13
1965 CIN N 156 582 109 172 33 113 .296 .386 .540 33 5 70 100 18 0 13 18 14
1966 BAL A 155 576 122 182 49 122 .316 .410 .637 34 2 87 90 10 0 8 11 24
1967 BAL A 129 479 83 149 30 94 .311 .403 .576 23 7 71 84 7 0 2 14 10
1968 BAL A 130 421 69 113 15 52 .268 .390 .444 27 1 73 84 12 0 11 4 15
1969 BAL A 148 539 111 166 32 100 .308 .415 .540 19 5 88 62 13 0 9 11 12
1970 BAL A 132 471 88 144 25 78 .306 .398 .520 24 1 69 70 7 0 2 9 13
1971 BAL A 133 455 82 128 28 99 .281 .384 .510 16 2 72 62 9 1 3 11 21
1972 LA N 103 342 41 86 19 59 .251 .353 .442 6 1 55 76 2 0 2 0 9
1973 CAL A 147 534 85 142 30 97 .266 .372 .489 29 0 82 93 10 1 1 12 13
1974 CLE A 15 50 6 10 2 5 .200 .328 .380 1 1 10 10 0 0 0 0 1
1974 CAL A 129 427 75 107 20 63 .251 .371 .461 26 2 75 85 10 1 5 14 10
1974 TOT A 144 477 81 117 22 68 .245 .367 .453 27 3 85 95 10 1 5 14 11
1975 CLE A 49 118 19 28 9 24 .237 .385 .508 5 0 29 15 0 1 0 3 2
1976 CLE A 36 67 5 15 3 10 .224 .329 .358 0 0 11 12 0 0 0 0 3
Total NL 1605 5869 1084 1759 343 1068 .300 .387 .548 324 51 753 865 120 13 163 129 145
Total AL 1203 4137 745 1184 243 744 .286 .392 .522 204 21 667 667 78 4 41 89 124
Total 2808 10006 1829 2943 586 1812 .294 .389 .537 528 72 1420 1532 198 17 204 218 269

Fielding Stats

Year Team POS G GS INN PO A ERR DP TP PB SB CS PkO AVG
1956 CIN N OF 152 0 0 323 5 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 .976
1957 CIN N OF 136 132 1171 336 11 4 3 0 0 0 0 0 .989
1957 CIN N 1B 24 18 170.1 151 25 2 16 0 0 0 0 0 .989
1957 CIN N LF 106 102 903 245 9 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 .984
1957 CIN N CF 33 30 268 91 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 .989
1958 CIN N LF 85 79 715.1 170 10 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 .989
1958 CIN N CF 55 54 476 136 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .993
1958 CIN N OF 138 133 1191.1 310 12 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 .991
1958 CIN N 3B 11 8 72 4 12 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .842
1959 CIN N 1B 125 123 1036 998 75 17 111 0 0 0 0 0 .984
1959 CIN N LF 40 22 222 52 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .982
1959 CIN N OF 40 22 222 51 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .982
1960 CIN N 1B 78 75 668.1 663 54 5 60 0 0 0 0 0 .993
1960 CIN N 3B 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1960 CIN N LF 51 50 449.2 111 8 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 .960
1960 CIN N OF 51 50 449.2 112 8 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 .960
1961 CIN N LF 59 57 481 110 7 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 .992
1961 CIN N OF 150 149 1302 284 15 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 .990
1961 CIN N CF 4 3 25 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1961 CIN N RF 92 89 796 172 6 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 .989
1961 CIN N 3B 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1962 CIN N OF 161 160 1433.2 315 10 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 .994
1962 CIN N RF 152 152 1353.1 296 9 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 .993
1962 CIN N LF 12 8 80.1 13 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1963 CIN N OF 139 138 1202.2 237 13 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 .984
1963 CIN N CF 1 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1963 CIN N LF 111 104 926.2 159 7 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .982
1963 CIN N 1B 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1963 CIN N RF 36 34 274.2 76 5 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1964 CIN N RF 100 95 810 172 7 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 .978
1964 CIN N LF 80 61 581 109 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 .991
1964 CIN N OF 156 156 1391 279 7 4 3 0 0 0 0 0 .986
1965 CIN N RF 153 150 1335.1 283 5 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 .990
1965 CIN N LF 7 4 41 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1965 CIN N OF 155 154 1376.1 282 5 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 .990
1966 BAL A 1B 3 3 26 28 2 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 .968
1966 BAL A RF 133 132 1181 237 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 .992
1966 BAL A LF 22 19 167.1 24 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 .926
1966 BAL A OF 151 151 1348.1 254 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .985
1967 BAL A LF 32 31 276 50 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .980
1967 BAL A OF 126 126 1116 191 7 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 .990
1967 BAL A 1B 2 2 17 16 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1967 BAL A RF 95 95 840 141 6 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 .993
1968 BAL A RF 78 71 603.2 99 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .962
1968 BAL A LF 55 42 390.2 68 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .959
1968 BAL A OF 117 113 994.1 173 5 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 .962
1968 BAL A 1B 3 2 17.2 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1969 BAL A OF 133 129 1117 226 9 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 .987
1969 BAL A LF 2 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1969 BAL A RF 133 129 1112 221 9 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 .987
1969 BAL A 1B 20 16 140 141 10 2 16 0 0 0 0 0 .987
1970 BAL A 1B 8 8 51 41 2 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 .977
1970 BAL A OF 119 114 1032.1 221 9 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 .987
1970 BAL A RF 119 114 1032.1 221 9 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 .987
1971 BAL A 1B 38 37 307 272 17 6 25 0 0 0 0 0 .980
1971 BAL A OF 91 86 750.2 177 3 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 .973
1971 BAL A RF 91 86 750.2 175 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .978
1972 LA N LF 8 8 64 10 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 .923
1972 LA N OF 95 94 809.2 168 6 6 2 0 0 0 0 0 .967
1972 LA N RF 89 86 745.2 158 4 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 .970
1973 CAL A OF 17 17 149 38 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 .976
1973 CAL A DH 127 127 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1973 CAL A LF 17 17 149 38 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 .976
1974 CLE A DH 11 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1974 CLE A 1B 4 4 26 23 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 .958
1974 CAL A OF 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1974 CAL A DH 123 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1974 CAL A LF 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1974 TOT A DH 134 131 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1975 CLE A DH 42 37 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1976 CLE A 1B 2 1 9.1 10 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1976 CLE A OF 1 1 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
1976 CLE A DH 18 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
1976 CLE A LF 1 1 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000
Total 1B 308 289 2469.2 2364 186 35 237 0 0 0 0 0 .986
Total DH 321 308 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000
Total RF 1271 1233 10834.2 2251 69 33 16 0 0 0 0 0 .986
Total 3B 13 8 74 4 12 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .842
Total LF 689 605 5459 1166 53 25 9 0 0 0 0 0 .980
Total CF 93 87 770.1 228 4 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 .991
Total OF 2129 1925 17064 3978 135 68 26 0 0 0 0 0 .984

Transactions

  • Signed as an amateur free agent by Cincinnati Reds (1953).
  • Traded by Cincinnati Reds to Baltimore Orioles in exchange for Milt Pappas, Jack Baldschun and Dick Simpson (December 9, 1965).
  • Traded by Baltimore Orioles with Pete Richert to Los Angeles Dodgers in exchange for Doyle Alexander, Bob O'Brien, Sergio Robles and Royle Stillman (December 2, 1971).
  • Traded by Los Angeles Dodgers with Bill Singer, Mike Strahler, Billy Grabarkewitz and Bobby Valentine to California Angels in exchange for Andy Messersmith and Ken McMullen (November 28, 1972).
  • Traded by California Angels to Cleveland Indians in exchange for Ken Suarez, Rusty Torres and cash (September 12, 1974).

Trivia

See also

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